Пропустить навигацию
> РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ> Халлю-туризм

The Hidden Card of Seoul

Дата публикации : 25. 06. 2019 / Последние изменения : 15. 10. 2021
the seoul live logo

There are many mountains in Seoul. Counting them one by one is an ordeal in itself: Bukhan-san(837m) , Dobongsan(725m) , Suraksan(640m) , Gwanaksan(629m) , Cheongyesan(609m) , Buramsan(510m) , Samseongsan(481m) , Hoamsan (412m) , Yongmasan(348m) , Baekaksan(342m) , Inwangsan(338m) , Inneungsan(327m) , Guryongsan(306m) , Mokdongsan(300m) …. The number of mountains above the height of 300m is 14. That number exceeds 100 when taking into account other lower mountains. Despite the presence of these mountains, it’s difficult to see them when you go outside and take a look at the city. Only concrete buildings and apartments are in sight. It is when you actually take the effort to go on a hiking that the mountains reveal their presence. Seoul’s mountains are hidden from our sight by the urban landscape, as if they are playing a game of hide-and-seek. The mountains allowed us to build roads, houses, and the city of Seoul around them. Summer is just around, and the heat is still bearable. Let’s begin our journey of discovering Seoul’s mountains, the original landmark of the city.

에디터 이희조(Lee Heejo)
사진 세바스티안 슈티제 (Sebastian Schutyser)

#1 Bukhansan, Seoul’s Maternal Symbol

It is no mere coincidence that there are many mountains in Seoul. Previously called Hanyang, the city of Seoul became the capital due to its propitious mountainous terrain. At the time of Joseon Dynasty’s foundation, Muhak, the famed Buddhist monk, began his travel throughout the Korean peninsula under the order of King Taejo who directed him to find an ideal site for the dynasty’s capital. The monk climbed one mountain, and noticed that it was filled with propitious aura. The mountain was what is currently known as Bukhansan, one of the five representative mountains of Korea along with Baekdusan, Jirisan, Geumgangsan and Myohyangsan. Eventually, the monk recommended Taejo to designate the mountain as the seat of the dynasty’s capital.Just like the country itself, Bukhansan went through numerous trials. During Japan’s colonization of Korea, the Japanese Empire placed stakes made of brass at pivotal mountain spots of Nojeokbong, Baekunbong and Mangyeongbong. It was part of Japan’s political and psychological strategy of eradicating the propitious aura of Bukhansan. Only in the 1980s did a group of peoplewho recognized the problem get rid of the stakes. Another historical episode illustrates the long-winding and rugged nature of Bukhansan’s terrains, giving way to clandestine events. In 1968, a team of armed commandos from North Korea, led by Kim Shin Jo, infiltrated the Blue House by following the snowy terrains of Bukhansan. There is no other way but to climb Bukhansan in orderto feel its aura. Large in scale, Bukhansan offers many hiking courses, and it can be daunting to decide where to start. There are many entries to the mountain itself, located in various places such as Seongbuk-gu, Jongno-gu and Eunpyeong-gu. But once you choose the entry for hiking for instance, the starting place at Doseonsa Temple you can adjust the hiking course and its length based on your health and physical endurance. You can try hiking up to Baegundae, the tallest peak of Bukhansan, and meet with wild cats that live there. Or you can try following the Bukhansanseong course and visit a diverse array of fortress gates. If you like rock climbing, we recommend that you visit the peaks of Insoobong and Nojeokbong. Conquering the tallest peak is certainly not the only way to enjoy Bukhansan.

#2 Don't Underestimate, Suraksan

Along with Bukhansan, another mountain, Suraksan, lies along the northern border of Seoul. Mysteriously, the stone mountaintops of Suraksan are all bent towards the direction of Seoul, which is why Taejo called it the mountain that protects Seoul. Since antiquity, many classical scholars of Korea have resided in the mountain and visited the place to appreciate its scenery. Compared to Bukhansan, Suraksan does not appear that high. But it is useful to take heed to what the name Suraksan implies, the syllable “ak” meaning “rough and steep” in its Chinese character. Consisting entirely of stone walls and bedrocks, Suraksan is marked by Dosolbong at its midpoint, and you must pass many giant boulders along your way to the summit. Although the path to Suraksan’s summit presents challenges, you can appreciate the quirky and strangely shaped boulders, including Tank Boulder, Elephant Boulder, Helmet Boulder andothers. A refreshing wind blows and envelops you when you’re about to run out of breath, which makes the hiking all the more pleasant. The “Surak” in Suraksan means “falling water,” and, fitting to such a name, many waterfalls and valleys abound throughout the mountain.

#3 Gwanaksan, Spirit of Fire

Try going south of Han River. Gwanaksan lies at the southern border of Seoul, and it is regarded as a “fire mountain” on the basis of feng shui principles since its peaks resemble the shape of flames. There was significant concern about a potential fire at the Imperial Palace due to the mountain’s supposed spirit of fire, and two Haetae statues were placed on both sides of Gwanghwamun as a precaution. Haetae is a mythical animal that is supposed to prevent fires. Like Suraksan, Gwanaksan consists mostly of boulders, and the incline is very steep. But once you see the crimson Yeonjudae Hermitage located atop a cliff, you will become intoxicated by its beauty and hasten your pace. After Taejo ended the Goryeo Dynasty and foundedJoseon, loyal servants of Goryeo went to the Hermitage and, in their lamentation, gazed upon lands that once belonged to the fallen dynasty. All hiking trails of Gwanaksan meet at the Hermitage, so you will inevitably come across it. You can either take a short rest at the Hermitage, or move on to the Yookbong and Palbong Ridges, both renowned as spectacular rocky paths.

#4 Achasan, “Oops, I made a mistake!”

In Korean, there is a phrase called “acha” (pronounced ah-cha), meaning “oops.” Many stories of origin lie behind Achasan, and one of them involves King Myeongjong ofJoseon Dynasty. During King Myeongjong’s reign, Hong Gye Gwan, a renowned fortune teller, foretold that the King would never live past the age of 40. In order to test the fortune teller, the King put a single rat inside a box and asked him the number of rats within the box. The fortune teller replied that there are five rats inside the box, which prompted the King to order his execution. But later, the King realized that the rat had four baby rats inside its womb, after which he remarked: “Acha, I made a mistake.” It was too late, but the King amended his mistake by endowing the name “Achasan” to the mountain where the fortune teller used to reside. Achasan (287m) is situated in Gwangjin-gu in eastern Seoul. Its origin story is entertaining, but what makes it really special is its location. As it is located right next to Han River, people can enjoy the scenery of the river all throughout their hiking. During the period of Goguryeo, bastions were built in Achasan in order to protect the area surrounding Han River. The scenery of the river from Achasan, forming a beautiful curve, is absolutely stunning.

#5 Ansan, the Lower the Better

The last mountain in our list of recommendation is Ansan, a modest mountain of 295 meters located in Seodaemun-gu. There is an interesting backstory behind Ansanwhich could have become Seoul’s representative mountain. Ha Ryun, a politician who ruled over Gyeonggi Province during Joseon Dynasty, pointed out that Bukhansan offered an excellent view of Ansan, leading him to claim that Ansan should become the mountain that represents the capital. If his view had been accepted, Gyeongbokgung Palace and the Blue House would have been located in the area of Shinchon, where Yonsei University is currently housed. However, Baekaksan eventually took the honor of becoming the capital’s mountain, with Gyeongbokgung Palace established in the current location. It only takes half-an-hour to reach Ansan’s Bongsudae, the mountain’s summit. At Bongsudae, you can enjoy the view of Inwangsan on your left. You can also see as far out as Bukhansan on a clear day. Despite Ansan’s modest nature, no other mountain in Seoul offers such a spectacular and comprehensive view of the city.

HOW TO icon
For beginning hikers, we recommend the following courses

Bukhansan (3h 30m)
Doseonsa Temple Parking Lot → Bongammun(Uimun) → Baegundae → Bongammun(Uimun) → Yongammun → Daedongmun → Sogwicheon

Suraksan ((4h)
Suraksan Station → Dosolbong → Kokkiri(Elephant) Rock → Summit → Geumryu Fall → Sagimak

Gwanaksan (4h)
Seoul National University College of Engineering → 4th Camping Ground → Yeonjudae(Summit) → Yeonjuam Temple → Siheung Confucian School

Achasan (2h 30m)
Achasan Station → Chunsangbyeong-gil → Goguryeo Pavilion → Fort No.5 → Fort No.4(Summit) → Gingorang-gil

Ansan (1h 30m)
Seodaemun-gu Office → Bongsudae(Summit) → Seodaemun Independence Park


# Seoul # Suraksan # Achasan #mountain #Ansan # Gwanaksan # Bukhansan

예약 전 안내사항
  • 예약은 관광일 기준 최소 3일 전 까지 가능합니다.
  • 개인예약 : 최대 10명
    ※경복궁,창경궁,창덕궁: 20명 예약가능합니다.
  • 기존 등록된 예약 중 그룹별 정원을 초과하지 않는 예약에 한하여 1일 전 17시 까지 추가 예약 가능합니다.
  • 다음달 예약은 전달 15일 이 후부터 가능합니다.
  • 해설 프로그램 참여 시에는 반드시 마스크를 착용하여 주시기 바랍니다.
  • 발열 또는 호흡기 증상(열, 기침, 가래, 근육통, 코막힘, 인후통 등)이 있는 경우 프로그램 참여를 삼가하여 주시기 바랍니다.
  • 보호자가 동반하지 않는 만 14세 미만의 하동 관광객의 경우 현장에서 취소됩니다.
  • 미세먼지 비상저감조치 발령 및 기타 기상악화(폭염, 태풍, 폭우 등)로 인해 도보관광 운영이 어려운 경우 모든 예약은 일괄 취소됩니다. (관광일 전날 기준)
  • 해설 진행 시 발생하는 안전사고에 대해서 서울도보해설관광 사무국과 서울문화관광해설사는 책임을 지지 않습니다.
  • 한국어를 모국어로 사용하는 대한민국 국민의 경우, 외국어 해설 신청이 불가능합니다.
예약 전 안내사항
  • 예약은 관광일 기준 최대 6개월 전부터 최소 5일 전 까지 신청 가능합니다.
  • 단체예약 : 11명 이상
    ※경복궁,창경궁,창덕궁: 21명 이상 예약가능합니다.
  • 희망하시는 날짜 및 코스에 활동가능한 해설사가 없는 경우 예약은 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 특히 주말 및 공휴일, 봄(4~5월) 가을(9~11월) 성수기에는 예약이 조기마감 되오니 이 점 유의하여 주시기 바랍니다.
  • 예약확인을 위해 도보관광 사무국(02-6925-0777)에서 확인 연락이 진행됩니다.
    (최소 5일~한달 전)3회 이상 전화통화가 이뤄지지 않을 시 예약이 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 경복궁, 창덕궁, 창경궁, 덕수궁 35인 이상 관람 시, 해당 궁궐 사이트에서 15일 전 단체 입장신청이 필요합니다. (2014.1.1.부터 시행)
  • 해설 진행 시 발생하는 안전사고에 대해서 도보관광 사무국과 서울문화관광해설사는 책임을 지지 않습니다.
  • 보호자가 동반하지 않는 만 14세 미만의 하동 관광객의 경우 현장에서 취소됩니다.
  • 미세먼지 비상저감조치 발령 및 기타 기상악화(폭염, 태풍, 폭우 등)로 인해 도보관광 운영이 어려운 경우 모든 예약은 일괄 취소됩니다. (관광일 전날 기준)
예약 전 안내사항
  • 예약은 관광일 기준 최소 1주일 전까지 가능합니다.
  • 덕수궁의 경우 복지카드를 지참한 관광객에 한하여 무료입장이 가능합니다.
    ※ 중증(1~3급) 동반인 포함 2명 무료※ 경증(4~6급) 장애인 본인 1인만 무료
  • 보호자 또는 보조자가 동반하지 않을 경우 이용이 불가능 합니다.※ 별도의 보조자가 없는 경우 사무국으로 문의 바랍니다. (02-6925-0777)
  • 희망하시는 날짜 및 코스에 활동가능한 해설사가 없는 경우 예약은 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 예약확인을 위해 도보관광 사무국(02-6925-0777)에서 확인 연락이 진행됩니다.(최소 5일~한달 전)3회 이상 전화통화가 이뤄지지 않을 시 예약이 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 해설 진행 시 발생하는 안전사고에 대해서 도보관광 사무국과 서울문화관광해설사는 책임을 지지 않습니다.
  • 미세먼지 비상저감조치 발령 및 기타 기상악화(폭염, 태풍, 폭우 등)로 인해 도보관광 운영이 어려운 경우 모든 예약은 일괄 취소됩니다. (관광일 전날 기준)
예약 전 안내사항
  • 예약은 관광일 기준 최소 1주일 전까지 가능합니다.
  • 덕수궁의 경우 복지카드를 지참한 관광객에 한하여 무료입장이 가능합니다.
    ※ 중증(1~3급) 동반인 포함 2명 무료
    ※ 경증(4~6급) 장애인 본인 1인만 무료
  • 본 프로그램은 수화해설 중심으로 진행되며, 수화가 불가능한 경우 이용이 불가합니다.
  • 희망하시는 날짜 및 코스에 활동가능한 해설사가 없는 경우 예약은 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 예약확인을 위해 도보관광 사무국(02-6925-0777)에서 확인 연락이 진행됩니다.
    (최소 5일~한달 전)3회 이상 전화통화가 이뤄지지 않을 시 예약이 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 해설 진행 시 발생하는 안전사고에 대해서 도보관광 사무국과 서울문화관광해설사는 책임을 지지 않습니다.
  • 미세먼지 비상저감조치 발령 및 기타 기상악화(폭염, 태풍, 폭우 등)로 인해 도보관광 운영이 어려운 경우 모든 예약은 일괄 취소됩니다. (관광일 전날 기준)
예약 전 안내사항
  • 예약은 관광일 기준 최소 1주일 전까지 가능합니다.
  • 본 코스는 보행약자(거동이 불편한 고령자, 장애인, 유모차 이용자 등)를 위한 코스입니다.
  • 보호자를 동반하지 않을 시 이용이 불가능 합니다.※ 보행약자 1명당 보호자 최소 1인 이상 동반
    ※ 전동보장구(전동휠체어, 전동스쿠터 등) 사용자의 경우 보호자 1인당 보행약자 최대 4인까지 동반 가능
    희망하시는 날짜 및 코스에 활동가능한 해설사가 없는 경우 예약은 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 예약확인을 위해 도보관광 사무국(02-6925-0777)에서 확인 연락이 진행됩니다.(최소 5일~한달 전)3회 이상 전화통화가 이뤄지지 않을 시 예약이 취소될 수 있습니다.
  • 해설 진행 시 발생하는 안전사고에 대해서 도보관광 사무국과 서울문화관광해설사는 책임을 지지 않습니다.
  • 미세먼지 비상저감조치 발령 및 기타 기상악화(폭염, 태풍, 폭우 등)로 인해 도보관광 운영이 어려운 경우 모든 예약은 일괄 취소됩니다. (관광일 전날 기준)
Read before Reservation
  • Reservations must be made at least three days prior to the tour date.
  • Group reservations up to 3people are being accepted on the line.
  • Additional reservations are?permitted for pre-existing reservations that do not exceed the limited number of three people per group and may be made one day prior to the tour date by 5 PM.
  • Reservations for the following month are available from the 15th of the current month.
  • Masks are required for participation in all tour programs.
  • Please refrain from participating in any tour programs should you be experiencing any symptoms, including fever, coughing, congestion, muscle pain, stuffy nose, and/or sore throat.
  • Reservations for tourists 14 years & under without an accompanying adult or guardian shall be canceled on site.
  • [As of one day prior to the tour date] All reservations shall be canceled in the event of emergency particulate matter reduction measures taken and/or inclement weather conditions, including excessive heat waves, typhoons, heavy rain, and more, that may impede Seoul Guided Walking Tour operations.
  • The Seoul Guided Walking Tour administration office and tour guide affiliates are not responsible for any accidents that happen to occur during the tour program.
Read before Reservation
  • Reservation shall be made at least 1 week before the tour day.
  • The course is for tourists with mobility problems (Senior, people with disability, stroller user).
  • You may not use the course without an assistant (or companion)
    ※ At least one assistant shall accompany a tourist with mobility problem
    ※ In case of electric assisting device users (electric wheelchair, electric scooter users), one assistant may accompany up to 4 tourists with mobility problem
  • Reservation may be canceled when a guide is unavailable on the desired date and course.
  • Seoul Guided Walking Tour Office (02-6925-0777) will contact you to confirm reservation.
    (At least 5 days~1 month before tour day) Reservation may be canceled when Seoul Guided Walking Tour Office cannot reach you for more than 3 times.
  • Seoul Guided Walking Tour Office and Seoul culture and tourism guide are not liable for the safety accidents during the Seoul Guided Walking Tour.
  • All reservations are canceled when Seoul Guided Walking Tour is unavailable due to Particulate Matter Reduction Measure or other weather conditions (heat wave, typhoon, heavy rain). (As of the date before the tour day)
  • 観光予定日を基準として最小3日前まで予約可能です。
  • 最大3名様までお電話やメールでご予約をお願いいたします。
  • 既に予約されたコースの中で、グループ別の定員を超えない予約に限り、観光予定日の1日前の17時まで追加での予約が可能です。
  • 翌月の予約は前月の15日から可能です。
  • 解説プログラム参加時は、必ずマスク着用をお願いします。
  • 発熱または呼吸器症状(熱、咳、痰、筋肉痛、鼻づまり、喉の痛み等)がある場合は、解説プログラムへのご参加はお控えください。
  • 保護者が同伴しない満14歳未満の観光客は、現場でキャンセルとなります。
  • PM2.5非常低減措置の発令およびその他の気象状況の悪化(猛暑、台風、豪雨等)により徒歩観光の運営が難しい場合は、すべての予約が一括キャンセルされます。(観光予定日の前日基準)
  • 解説が行われる際に発生した安全事故について、ソウル徒歩解説観光事務局とソウル文化観光解説士は責任を負いません。
  • 予約は観光日を基準として少なくとも1週間前まで可能です。
  • 本コースは、移動弱者(移動が不自由な高齢者、障害者、ベビーカー利用者など)のためのコースです。
  • 補助人(或いは同行人)を伴わない場合は利用できません。
  • ご希望の日付及びコースに活動可能な解説士がいない場合、予約はキャンセルされることがあります。
  • 予約を確認するため、徒歩観光事務局(02-6925-0777)で確認のための連絡が行われます。
  • 解説を進行する時に発生する安全事故に対し、徒歩観光事務局とソウル文化観光解説士は
  • PM 2.5(ピーエムにてんご)の非常低減措置発令及びその他の気象悪化(猛暑、台風、暴雨など)によって
  • 观光日基准最少3日前方可进行预约。
  • 最多可以预约3个人。
  • 在已登记的预约团体中,只接待不超过预约人数的团体,可在前一天17时前追加预约。
  • 下个月的预约可从前一月15日开始。
  • 参加徒步观光解说活动时必须佩戴口罩。
  • 如有发热或呼吸道症状(发烧、咳嗽、痰液、肌肉痛、鼻塞、咽喉痛等),请避免参与解说活动。
  • 无保护者随同的未满14岁儿童游客,会在现场取消解说活动。
  • 因发布微尘紧急低减措施及其他气象恶化(暴热、台风、暴雨等)无法运营徒步观光解说活动时,所有预约会批量取消。(观光前日基准)
  • 对于解说活动中发生的安全事故,首尔徒步解说旅游事务局和首尔文化观光解说社不予负责。
  • 观光日基准最少1日前方可进行预约。
  • 本线路是为了行动不便者(行动不便的高龄者、残疾人、婴儿车利用者等)的路线。
  • 无辅助人员(或同行人)伴随时,不可利用。
    ※ 步行不便者1名至少需要1名以上的辅助人员陪同。
    ※ 电动辅助器具(电动轮椅、电动独轮车等)使用者时,每一位辅助人员最多可陪同 4名步行不便者。
  • 希望观光的日期及线路上无解说员时,预约有可能被取消。
  • 为了确认预约,徒步观光事务局(02-6925-0777)会致电进行确认。
    (最少5日~一个月前) 3次以上无法连接时,预约将被取消。
  • 进行解说时,对于有可能发生的安全事故,徒步观光事务局和首尔文化观光解说员概不负责。
  • 因发布微尘紧急低减措施及其他气象恶化(暴热、台风、暴雨等),无法运营 徒步观光时,所有预约会批量取消。
  • 最晚請於預約日期3天前完成預約。
  • 最多可以预约3个人。
  • 已完成預約的團體若人數超過限制,可於前一天下午5點前追加預約。
  • 每月15日將開放下個月的預約。
  • 參與解說觀光時請務必佩戴口罩。
  • 若有發燒或呼吸道症狀(發燒、咳嗽、咳痰、肌肉酸痛、鼻塞、喉嚨痛),請避免參與本活動。
  • 未有保護者同行的未滿14歲兒童遊客,會在現場取消參與資格。
  • 因發布微塵緊急降低措施及其他天氣惡化(暴熱、台風、豪雨等),無法進行徒步觀光時,所有預約將取消。(預約日期前日基準)
  • 進行解說時,對於有可能發生的安全事故,首爾徒步解說觀光事務局和首爾文化觀光解說員概不負責。
  • 觀光日基準最少1日前方可進行預約。
  • 本線路是為了行動不便者(行動不便的高齡者、殘疾人、嬰兒車利用者等)的路線。
  • 無輔助人員(或同行人)伴隨時,不可利用。
    ※ 步行不便者1名至少需要1名以上的輔助人員陪同。
    ※ 電動輔助器具(電動輪椅、電動獨輪車等)使用者時,每壹位輔助人員最多可陪同 4名步行不便者。
  • 希望觀光的日期及線路上無解說員時,預約有可能被取消。
  • 為了確認預約,徒步觀光事務局(02-6925-0777)會致電進行確認。
    (最少5日~壹個月前) 3次以上無法連接時,預約將被取消。
  • 進行解說時,對於有可能發生的安全事故,徒步觀光事務局和首爾文化觀光 解說員概不負責。
  • 因發布微塵緊急低減措施及其他氣象惡化(暴熱、臺風、暴雨等),無法運營 徒步觀光時,所有預約會批量取消。 (觀光前日基準)